Researchers review importance of microorganisms that exist in the gut, suggesting perturbation of the environment during pregnancy, delivery and early infancy could impact the developing baby's early microbiome and set the stage for health problems later in life. The term 'microbiome' refers to the trillions of organisms we harbor, on our skin and within our respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts.
A commonly used drug for the treatment of diabetes, metformin, may have the potential to prevent and treat preeclampsia, researchers report. Metformin has long been used to treat diabetes in both non-pregnant and pregnant patients, and is considered safe during pregnancy.
Group prenatal care can substantially improve health outcomes for both mothers and their infants, a new study has found. Women who received group -- rather than individual -- prenatal care were 33% less likely to have infants who were small for gestational age, had reduced risk for preterm delivery and low birthweight, and babies born to these women also spent fewer days in the neonatal intensive care unit.