Monthly Archives: June 2016

New effort uses implementation science to reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission

An emerging field, known as implementation science, may help reduce the nearly 150,000 instances of mother-to-child HIV transmissions that occur annually around the world, mostly in developing countries. A team of scientists and program managers has been studying a variety of implementation science approaches to prevent mother-to-child transmission.

Microcephaly screening alone won’t detect all cases of Zika virus in newborns, study suggests

Zika virus infection cannot be accurately diagnosed in newborns solely on the basis of microcephaly screening, according to the largest study of its kind. The findings suggest that signs and symptoms of brain abnormalities, regardless of head circumference, should also be included in screening criteria to detect all affected newborns.

Fish oil during pregnancy offers no protection for children against obesity

Across the world, many schoolchildren under 10 are overweight. In the search for the cause of this phenomenon, fetal programming was put under scrutiny in new research. That the mother’s diet might have some influence could not be confirmed in a long-term study: administering a special diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids to pregnant women neither resulted in children being slimmer nor fatter than their counterparts from the control group whose mothers ate a normal diet.

Disrupted immunity in fetal brain is linked to neurodevelopmental disorders

New research findings in mice may help explain how viral infection during pregnancy raises the risk of autism and schizophrenia in their offspring. The study may explain, among other things, how the mother’s infection with the cytomegalovirus (CMV) during pregnancy, which affects her own and her fetus’s immune system, increases the risk that her offspring will develop autism or schizophrenia, sometimes years later.

Scientists measure how baby bump changes the way women walk

Movie sets are normally the home of three-dimensional motion caption systems, but researchers used the same video recording system in a lab to measure the way pregnant women walk. This is the first research study to use 3-D motion capture to create a biomechanical model of pregnant women. The results verify the existence of the ‘pregnancy waddle’ and should enable future studies on how to make everyday tasks safer and more comfortable for pregnant women.