An emerging field, known as implementation science, may help reduce the nearly 150,000 instances of mother-to-child HIV transmissions that occur annually around the world, mostly in developing countries. A team of scientists and program managers has been studying a variety of implementation science approaches to prevent mother-to-child transmission.
You might not want to depend on your smartphone app alone to help you avoid or achieve pregnancy, say the authors of a new study. A review of nearly 100 fertility awareness apps finds that most don’t employ evidence-based methodology.
Zika virus has been detected in the brain tissue of a deceased two-month-old baby in Brazil who was diagnosed with microcephaly, in the brain tissue of two newborns who died shortly after birth, and in the placenta tissue of two fetuses that were spontaneously aborted, new research reveals.
Zika virus infection cannot be accurately diagnosed in newborns solely on the basis of microcephaly screening, according to the largest study of its kind. The findings suggest that signs and symptoms of brain abnormalities, regardless of head circumference, should also be included in screening criteria to detect all affected newborns.
Researchers studying monkeys have shown that one infection with Zika virus protects against future infection, though pregnancy may drastically prolong the time the virus stays in the body.
Across the world, many schoolchildren under 10 are overweight. In the search for the cause of this phenomenon, fetal programming was put under scrutiny in new research. That the mother’s diet might have some influence could not be confirmed in a long-term study: administering a special diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids to pregnant women neither resulted in children being slimmer nor fatter than their counterparts from the control group whose mothers ate a normal diet.
Researchers have discovered how the bacteria Group B streptococcus avoids detection by the immune system during pregnancy. The findings could lead to the development of new drugs and strategies for treating GBS infection, which is a leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality, say the researchers.
New research findings in mice may help explain how viral infection during pregnancy raises the risk of autism and schizophrenia in their offspring. The study may explain, among other things, how the mother’s infection with the cytomegalovirus (CMV) during pregnancy, which affects her own and her fetus’s immune system, increases the risk that her offspring will develop autism or schizophrenia, sometimes years later.
Movie sets are normally the home of three-dimensional motion caption systems, but researchers used the same video recording system in a lab to measure the way pregnant women walk. This is the first research study to use 3-D motion capture to create a biomechanical model of pregnant women. The results verify the existence of the ‘pregnancy waddle’ and should enable future studies on how to make everyday tasks safer and more comfortable for pregnant women.
Every woman who has ever had a baby shower has had to sit through the gruesome war stories about labor and childbirth. A new study shows that women are even more afraid of childbirth than previously thought–and are as concerned about their health care providers and their place of birth as they are about pain or complications.